Different Varieties of Alphonso Mangoes
Mangoes, the national fruit of India, popular and beloved by most people due to their mouth-watering taste. Did you know that there are more than a thousand types of mangoes present in India? However, there are only a few of them which are widely known. One of such varieties is the Alphonso mangoes.
Alphonso mango varieties are considered one of the best mangoes. Due to their irresistible taste, Alphonso mangoes own the title of ‘King of the mangoes’.
Alphonso mangoes were first introduced by Afonso de Albuquerque, a Portuguese general in India, and hence, was named after him. These mangoes are rich not only in taste but also in nutrients.
The bright yellow color of the juicy pulp’s peel and saffron color gives it a vibrant appearance, which is accompanied by a strong sweet smell and a perfectly sweet taste. Such virtues are the reason Alphonso mango varieties are preferred over other varieties. Well, let’s see the different varieties of alphonso mangoes.
Different Varieties of Alphonso Mangoes
What are the various Alphonso mango varieties?
The two varieties of Alphonso mangoes are Devgad and Ratnagiri. Alphonso mango varieties are available only for a short period of time, from the middle of April till the end of June. Both of these mangoes are quite famous throughout India. Let us discuss these in a more detailed manner.
Devgad Alphonso mangoes first originated when Alphonso mangoes’ grafts were brought to Devgad, where they were planted. This type of Alphonso mango is generally oval-shaped, which does not thin out at the end. The peel of a ripe Devgad is free from wrinkles and bright yellow in color with green hints. Moreover, the peel is quite thin and hence easy to get rid of.
The pulp is juicy without any fibers and soft. The color of the pulp is saffron. The fragrance of these mangoes is intense enough to fill an entire room with their sweet smell. The creamy texture and other virtues of this mango make it a great kind.
When the original Alphonso trees, which were first found in Goa, were taken to Ratnagiri and more southern parts of India. The weight of this mango lies in the range of 150 to 300 grams. The size is usually big, and the skin is a vibrant yellow in color with red spots. The skin is smooth and easy to peel.
The smooth and velvety pulp of Ratnagiri mangoes has a deep sweet taste. However, unlike the other Alphonso mango, it contains fibers. The aroma of Ratnagiri mangoes is similar to Devgad mangoes in fragrance and intensity.
There are more than a thousand varieties of mango grown in different regions of India. Some of them are hybrids, i.e., the product of grafting of two or more different varieties of mangoes, while some of them are grown in labs as a result of experimentation. Some of the hybrids are:
This mango is a hybrid of Neelam and Alphonso mango. This mango was cultivated in 1999 as a result of experimentation and is considered a High Yielding variety. It is now grown in the states of Karnataka. The mango tree is of moderate height, and the fruit is free from spongy tissues.
The fruit is of medium size, and each mango weighs around 250 grams. These mangoes have orange pulp and dark orange skin. The vibrant color and intense, floral aroma attracts the attention of people.
Sindhu is the hybrid produced from the cross of Ratna mangoes and Alphonso mangoes. Konkan Krishi Vidyapith invented it in Maharashtra, which is an agriculture university, in 1992. Each mango weighs around 200 grams and is juicy.
Sindhu has a fine texture with a rich and sweet flavor, which is noticeable from a distance. A typical mango seed weighs almost 20 to 30 percent of mango’s total weight, but in the case of Sindhu mango, a seed weighs less than 10 percent of the total weight. The seed is comparatively small and flat than other varieties and contains more pulp.
Arka Aruna is a hybrid of Banganpalli mangoes and Alphonso mangoes. The Arka Aruna tree produces mangoes regularly, dwarf structured, and can accommodate approximately 400 trees per hectare.
The fruit size is large, and each fruit weighs around 500 grams. The pulp is of pale yellow color and does not have fiber or spongy tissues. These mangoes have attractive and thin skin.
Arka Puneet is a progeny of the cross of Banganpalli and Alphonso mangoes. The trees bear fruits regularly. These mangoes are elliptical, and the skin is yellow with a hint of red.
The flesh is of orange color and firm, along with being free from spongy tissues and fiber. The fruit size is medium and has a very sweet taste.
This mango is a hybrid of Alphonso and Janardhan Pasand. Arka Anmol mango is a late-season variety that is available from the second to the third week of June. The trees are regular bearers and semi-vigorous types, along with being good yielders.
Alka Anmol mangoes have an oblong shape and medium-sized mangoes. One mango weighs around 300 grams to 330 grams. The skin is smooth, wrinkle-free, and has a bright golden yellow color. The pulp is of orange color and free from spongy tissues.
This mango type is a progeny from the cross Alphonso mangoes and Neelam mangoes. This fruit is found in the late seasons, and fruits come to harvest in late June.
The trees of these fruits are semi-vigorous in nature. The fruit’s shape is elliptical and medium-sized, weighing around 270 grams to 280 grams in weight. The outer skin of these fruits is very smooth. The color of the fruit when it becomes ripe is golden yellowish.
Due to a large number of varieties of mangoes, it can be hard to keep track of which are the best-tasting mangoes. However, this does not apply to Alphonso mangoes. These mangoes are well-known not only in India but worldwide due to their unique taste.
Besides the main two types of Alphonso mangoes, Ratnagiri and Devgad Alphonso mangoes, there are many more hybrids that exist. We hope that the information provided in this article gave you a clear idea about the different types of Alphonso mangoes.